Bird Families

Zebra (hawk) doves (geopelia striata tranguilla)

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Distributed in Australia, inhabits forests and bushes growing near water. They love to bask in the sun, spread out on the ground. It spends most of its time, again, on the ground in search of food, but rests on tree branches. Runs on the ground quickly, dexterously mince feet. They keep in pairs or small flocks. The flight is fast and similar to the flight of a nuthatch.

The Diamond Turtle Dove belongs to the best indoor birds. She is very petite, graceful, beautiful, quiet, always calm, not afraid of a person, gets along well with songbirds. They live in captivity for 10 years or more. This turtle dove was first bred in 1875 and has been successfully kept in cages ever since.

Both spacious (80x40x60 cm) cages and any enclosures (indoor and outdoor) are suitable for keeping turtledoves. However, it should be noted that only one pair of adult turtle doves can be kept in one room, since males quite often pursue the weak, often bringing him to death from exhaustion. (And this is still putting it mildly "to death from exhaustion", between the birds (regardless of gender) there are simply bloody fights, if one turtledove did not like the neighbor (even if he sings her praises and spreads her tail, she walks like a peacock) pull it off by the scruff of the neck, so that the dove ends up with a naked and bloody neck, in such cases you have to seat the birds in the corners. Sometimes the situation and vice versa, goes to the female.)
It can be very difficult for even a fairly experienced amateur to pick up a pair, since males at a young age are no different from females. At the age of about a year, they develop a wide orange ring, which gradually becomes brighter and wider. Therefore, I would advise to pick up a pair of already formed birds (age: 1-1.5 years). The selection of a pair for breeding is quite an interesting process, and not as simple as it might seem from the outside, here you need to take into account not only those moments that you would like to fix or improve the owner, but also the mutual relations of birds.

For successful nesting, diamond turtle doves must be provided with a base, the so-called nesting site. Usually it is a simple plywood box with sides 5 - 7 cm high, 15 cm long, 12 cm wide, or a bowl-shaped nesting base for canaries. Birds train various building materials in the nesting site - twigs, feathers, blades of grass, building a rather loose structure with a diameter of 6 - 7 cm.
Sometimes among the males there are too zealous "builders", their nest takes the form of a truncated pyramid, often towering 2-4 cm above the sides of the nest. In this case, it is better to intervene in this process and remove excess building material, leaving only a small amount of it at the bottom of the nest , otherwise the eggs laid by the female will roll from the top of the pyramid to its foot, and the bird will diligently sit in the place where she laid them.
There are two white eggs in a clutch of diamond turtledoves. Both partners incubate them in turn, the male replaces the female in the daytime, and when the female incubates, he is always nearby.

Chicks hatch on the 13th - 15th day of incubation. The female lays eggs every other day, and chicks hatch at the same interval. They are covered with light gray sparse down, blind. Pigeons grow very quickly and, as a rule, on the 10th day they already leave the nest, and after another 12 - 15 days they can feed on their own. At this time, the female is already preparing for the next clutch, and the male begins to chase the chicks more and more often, so it is better to remove them from their parents. But it happens that the parents simply become indifferent to the first brood and begin to lay the next eggs in the same nest, it turns out a very funny family, tails and beaks stick out from the nest in different directions, young birds sit on eggs with their parents. "The heap is small."

In color, young birds bear little resemblance to their parents, more often their plumage is brown, there are no bright white dots and red rings around the eyes.
At the age of 3 months, young birds begin to molt and by 5 months they become similar to their parents. Young males begin to mow, bowing amusingly and at the same time spreading their tail raised vertically. By the age of 8-10 months, their periocular rings noticeably increase in size, when, like in a female, they increase slightly.

Under favorable conditions, these turtle doves can grow from 2 broods or more per year, which is not desirable and this process must be stopped in time. They are caring parents and can be used as "nannies" for feeding chicks of other small species of pigeons. I would also like to add that in the life of diamond turtledoves, ultraviolet light is very important and, with its lack, their reproduction simply becomes impossible.

PS I would add more photos, but I’m not going to arrange a photo session for my birds, so for now there is.

To watch online, click on the video & cudarrr,

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Description and habitat

Diamond turtle dove (Geopelia cuneata) - one of the smallest species of pigeons: its length is only 19-20 cm, more than half of this size falls on the tail, and its weight is up to 40 g. This turtledove lives in Southeast Asia and Australia, where they inhabit mainly open spaces, often dry grassy plains with bushes and individual trees. The diamond turtledove feeds mainly on the seeds of various plants, as well as insects.

Reproduction

Nest diamond turtle doves low, on the branches. Their nests are light, translucent mats of small twigs and stems of grasses. A clutch of a diamond turtle dove consists of 2 pure white eggs. Both partners incubate them in turn, replaces the female in the daytime, and when the female incubates, he is only close by. The female lays eggs every other day, and chicks hatch at the same interval. Chicks hatch after 13 days, they are covered with light gray sparse down, blind. With normal feeding, they already leave the nest at eleven days of age.

Keeping in captivity

Diamond turtle doves began to be imported into Europe from the 70s of the last century. Their reproduction in artificial conditions went so successfully that the need for repeated imports from Australia soon disappeared, and now these birds are rightfully considered domesticated.

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