Bird Families

Paradise Flycatcher / Terpsiphone paradisi

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lat. Ficedula hypoleuca
eng. European Pied Flycatcher

11 - 17 g
12 - 15 cm
22 - 26 cm

Broad-billed Flycatcher (Muscicapa latirostris)

Appearance: It is very similar to a gray flycatcher, but there is a light ring around the eyes, the underside is white with a grayish-brown bloom on the chest.
The size: Less sparrow.

Features: It is very similar to the orca flycatcher, gray and variegated flycatcher, differing from them by the absence of streaks on the chest.

Habits: It is kept alone and in pairs.
Nature of stay: Migrant.

Breeding area: Various types of forest, however deciduous forests are preferred.
Location of the socket and its description: On a tree, in the crown, or at the base of a branch and trunk. Compact bowl made of moss and lichen.
Egg laying time: May June
Eggs color and size: Olive gray.

Variegated Flycatcher (Muscicapa griseisticta)

Appearance: It is very similar to the gray flycatcher, but the streaks on the chest and abdomen are brighter, the forehead is without white streaks.
The size: Less sparrow.

Features: Very similar to the orca flycatcher, gray and wide-billed flycatcher. It differs from the gray flycatcher and killer whale in brighter streaks on the abdomen, from the wide-billed flycatcher - in streaks on the chest.

Habits: It is kept alone and in pairs.
Nature of stay: Migrant.

Breeding area: Various types of forest.

White collar flycatcher (Ficedula albicollis)

Appearance: Very similar to the pied flycatcher, but the white color goes deep into the top of the neck, sometimes forming a full ring.
The size: Less sparrow.

Features: The male differs from the pied with a white "collar". Females are practically indistinguishable.

Habits: It is kept alone and in pairs.
Nature of stay: Migrant.

Breeding area: High-stemmed, predominantly deciduous forests in the plains and in the mountains.
Location of the socket and its description: In the hollow.
Egg laying time: May June
Eggs color and size: Light blue.

Yellow-backed Flycatcher (Ficedula zanthopygia)

Appearance: In the male, the top and sides of the head and neck, the wings and tail are black, the abdomen, eyebrow and stripe on the wings are white, the throat, chest, sides and upper tail are yellow. In females and juveniles, the black color is replaced by brownish-gray, the underparts are off-white, the upper tail is olive-greenish. Flycatchers in the Kuril Islands and Sakhalin have a yellow eyebrow.
The size: Less sparrow.

Features: There are no similar species in Russia.

Habits: It stays alone and in pairs at the bottom of trees and on bushes.
Nature of stay: Migrant.

Breeding area: Forest, trees and shrubs in the floodplains of rivers.
Location of the socket and its description: In the hollow.
Egg laying time: May June
Eggs color and size: White with brick-red dots.

Blue Flycatcher (Cyanoptila cyanomelana)

Appearance: In the male, the top of the head, the back and tail are bright blue, the wings are brown, the sides of the head, throat and chest are black, the abdomen is white, the sides are gray. In the female and juveniles, the top is grayish-brown with a reddish tinge on the upper tail, the black color is replaced by brown.
The size: From a sparrow.

Features: There are no similar species in Russia.

Habits: It is kept alone and in pairs.
Nature of stay: Migrant.

Breeding area: Forests with dense undergrowth are often along river banks and coastal cliffs.
Location of the socket and its description: In the deepening of stumps, in shallow hollows, on the ledges of rocks. The main material is moss.
Egg laying time: June July
Eggs color and size: White-pinkish.

Paradise Flycatcher (Terpsiphone paradisi)

Appearance: A large flycatcher with a long tail and a large pointed crest. The male has a back, tail, and Far Eastern birds and wings are bright red-red, the head and crest are black with a blue-green sheen, the underside is white (in Far Eastern birds, the chest is gray), the wings are white with black trunks of feathers, the tail is very long. In females and juveniles, the tail is shorter and the lower body is gray. The beak, legs and bare eye ring are blue.
The size: It is larger than a sparrow, but it seems much larger due to its long tail.

Features: Well defined by its characteristic appearance.

Habits: She is very mobile and does not stay in one place for a long time. It keeps alone, in pairs and groups of 3-5 birds in dense middle and lower parts of the crown and on bushes.
Nature of stay: Migrant.

Small flycatcher

lat. Ficedula parva
eng. Red-breasted flycatcher

8 - 12 g
11 - 14 cm
19 - 22 cm

Zaryanka

lat. Erithacus rubecula
eng. European robin

15 - 23 g
12 - 16 cm
21 - 25 cm

Common nightingale

lat. Luscinia luscinia
eng. Thrush nightingale

22 - 31 g
16 - 20 cm
25 - 29 cm

Bluethroat

lat. Luscinia svecica
eng. Bluethroat

13 - 26 g
14 - 16 cm
20 - 24 cm

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